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Astrophysics Seminar: Charlotte Wood, University of Notre Dame

Tue Oct 6, 2020 12:45PM - 1:45PM • Calendars: Astrophysics Seminar

Echoes of Silence: Probing Type Ia Supernovae Environments with Scattered Light Echoes

Charlotte Wood
Physics Graduate Student, University of Notre Dame

Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) are powerful distance indicators for cosmology because of their extreme and consistent luminosities, however the exact mechanism behind the explosion remains an open question. In order to better understand SNe Ia and improve our cosmological parameters, we need a method to distinguish between progenitor types and to characterize the local environment of individual SNe Ia. A powerful way to achieve both is through light echoes. Three-dimensional maps of the dust distribution around SNe Ia, as revealed by light echoes, can provide insight into the progenitor of the system: compact, disk-like echoes are likely caused by circumstellar material. Multi-color imaging of light echoes can also reveal properties of the dust in the local environment (e.g. dust grain size, distribution, and chemical composition). We can infer the existence of a light echo from late-time photometry of a supernova, but in order to map out the dust distribution, the light echo must be resolved. Here I present a newly identified light echo around SN 2009ig, first inferred from the late-time light curve form the Large Binocular Telescope and now resolved in archival Hubble Space Telescope images, and what we can learn about the local environment of this SN Ia.

All interested persons are invited to attend remotely—email physics@nd.edu for information.

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