Professor, Department of Physics & Astronomy
- 333J Nieuwland Science Hall
Notre Dame, IN 46556
- +1 574-631-6919
Prof. Mathews’ research interests involve the origin and evolution of matter in the universe from the first instants of cosmic expansion in the big bang to the present complex interactions of stars and gas in galaxies. Current research topics include the nature and origin of dark energy and dark matter. Other studies include general-relativistic hydrodynamic simulations of orbiting, accreting, collapsing and/or merging white dwarfs, neutron stars, and black holes. Of particular ongoing interest is the study of the origin of elements in stars and supernovae and the big bang. He is currently developing supernova models to identify the site for rapid neutron-capture (r-process) nucleosynthesis and study effects of the nuclear equation of state on the evolution of supernovae and neutron stars. He also studies hydrodynamic models for the formation and evolution of cosmic large-scale structure, galaxies and globular clusters. These are used to place constraints on models for dark matter and dark energy and the chemical evolution of the elements.
Honors and Activities
Distinguished Visiting Professor, University of Chicago (1990)
Outstanding Scientific Publication Award: Physics Research Program, LLNL (1993)
Fellow, American Physical Society (1994)
Distinguished Visiting Professor: National Astronomical Observatory of Japan (1994, 2000, 2001, 2005, 2007-2020)
James Ricker Wilson Adjunct Professor of Physics, International Center for Relativistic Astrophysics (ICRANet), Pescara, Italy (2015-2022)
Distinguished Visiting Professor, School of Physics and International Research Center for Big-Bang Cosmology and Element Genesis, Beihang University, Beijing 100083, China (2016-2020)
B.S., Michigan State University, 1972
Ph.D., University of Maryland, 1977
Relativistic Numerical Hydrodynamics, J.R. Wilson and G.J. Mathews, Cambridge University Press (2003).
”Current Status of r-Process Nucleosynthesis,” T. Kajino, W. Aoki, A. B. Balantekin, R. Diehl, M.A. Famiano, G.J. Mathews, Progress in Particle and Nuclear Physics, 107, 109 (2019).
”Probing Time-Dependent Dark Energy with the Flux Power Spectrum of the Lyman-α Forest,” J. W. Coughlin, G. J. Mathews, L. A. Phillips, A. P. Snedden, I. S. Suh, Astrophys. J., 874, 11 (2019)
”Review of the Relic Supernova Neutrino Spectrum and the Nuclear Equation of State,” G. J. Mathews, L. Boccioli, J. Hidaka, and T. Kajino, Mod. Phys. Lett. A, 2030011 (2020).
”Neutrino self-interaction and MSW effects on the supernova neutrino-process,” H. Ko, M.-K.Cheoun, E. Ha, M. Kusakabe, T. Hayakawa, H. Sasaki, T. Kajino, M. Hashimoto, M. Ono, M. D. Usang, S. Chiba, K. Nakamura, A. Tolstov, K. Nomoto, T. Kawano, and G. J. Mathews, Astrophys. J. Lett. 89, L24 (2020) .
”General Relativistic Neutrino-driven Turbulence in One-dimensional Core-collapse Supernovae,” L. Boccioli, G. J. Mathews., E. P. O’Connor, Astrophys. J., 912, 29 (2021).
”3-3-1 Self Interacting Dark Matter and the Galaxy Core-Cusp problem,” N. Q. Lan, G. J. Mathews, L. Phillips, M. Correa, I.-S. Suh, and J. Coughlin, Modern Physics Lett. A,, 29, 2130001 (2021)
”Impact of hypernova νp-process nucleosynthesis on the galactic chemical evolution of Mo and Ru,” H. Sasaki, Y. Yamazaki, T. Kajino, M. Kusakabe, T. Hayakawa, M.-K. Cheoun, Myung-Ki, H. Ko, G. J. Mathews, Astrophys. J., 924, 29 (2022).
”Effect of the Nuclear Equation of State on Relativistic-Turbulence Induced Core-Collapse Supernovae,” L. Boccioli, G. J. Mathews, I.-S. Suh, E. P. O’Connor, Astrophys. J., 926, 147 (2022).